An ancient South Yemen people and writing system that immigrated to
Eritrea and Northern Ethiopia later becoming the Ge'ez people and
A model of internationalization that uses a character set whose
repertoire contains enough characters to represent most of the
world's writing systems. No flipping between character sets is
required. The Unicode character set is an example.
A character that is represented by more than one byte.
The C programming language supports multi-byte data types.
See Also Wide Character
Ethiopia's National Computer Information Center.
National Language Support.
Base 8. A number notation that uses 8 possible values, ranging from
0 to 7.
An array of eight bits represented as a single unit (a byte).
Optical Character Recognition. A device that can scan, recognize,
and convert printed shapes into meaningful units, such as characters.
OCR for Ethiopic has been successfully acomplished by Michal Jerabek
A linguistic term that refers to the writing system of a language.
Operating System. The software that drives the hardware associated
with a computer system.
Open Software Foundation.
Personal Computer. Usually refers to machines that run MS-DOS.
Portable Compiled Format. Compiled fonts for X Windows to be read by an
The compiled bitmap form of Meta Fonts.
The next generation multilinual UNIX operating system
developed by AT&T Bell Labs.
The page description language developed by Adobe Systems.
The most common keyboard in use today. Its name comes from the first
six keys that have 26 letters of the Alphabet imprinted on them.
Single Byte Character Set.
System for Ethiopic Representation in ASCII.
A writing system whose characters are composed of syllables.
Ethiopic is an example of a syllabary.
A sound sequence consisting of a consonant plus vowel.
A utility to give real-time and interactive user to user communication
in a tty. Users ``talk'' by typing and reading one anothers text in
the upper and lower halfs of the tty. An now outdated version of
Ethiopic Talk is still available.
A popular text setting language used in large part by scientists,
mathematicians, and engineers. See Also LaTeX.
The translation of text from one writing into another. Usually
transcription follows simple reversable mappings. The transcribed
text may read unnatural to native readers of the target script.
The translation of text from one writing into another where the
writing conventions of the target writing system are applied. The
transliterated text should read naturally in the target script.
A distinctive design for a set of visually related symbols. Examples
include Helvetica, Garamond, and Zemen.
The name of the international 16-bit character set and encoding
system developed by the members of the Unicode Consortium. Ethiopic
has been included in Unicode since August 12th 1996.
Universal Character Set.
The name of the operating system that runs on most workstations.
UCS Transformation Format. A method of encoding 16- or 32-bit
encodings such that they pass as a stream of ASCII bytes. Also
A version of UTF defined by AT&T Bell Labs (Plan 9) and
X/Open for encoding Unicode text as a stream of ASCII bytes.
Also called FSS-UTF (file system safe UTF).
An MS Windows font package first in applying Ethio ASCII.
The name ``WashRa'' is taken from the Monestary in Gonder reknowned for
its longevity, discipline, and Qinay.
A text processing tool that manipulates text in such a way
that it is possible to include multiple fonts in a single
document. Sufficient formatting capabilities are also quite
Characters that produce empty space, such as the space, characer or
the tab character.
A character that consists of a larger than normal byte. A byte
typically consists of seven or eight bits. A character represented
by 16 bits is considered a wide character. A byte can encode can
encode 28 characters (or 27 for 7-bit bytes).
The C programming language supports wide character data types.
A generic term for a character used to separate two words. Ethiopic
wordspace resembles the English colon.
What You See Is What You Get.
Xerox Character Code Standard.
X Window System
The name of a very popular UNIX windowing system
developed at MIT. The latest release is called X11R6.
Meaning literally an ``era'' or period of time. The standard
font class used in most modern Ethiopic publishing. Popularized
by Ethiopia's ``Addis Zemen'' newspaper from which it gets its