Unabridged SERA Definitions


Fidelat Table

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 g`Iz ka`Ib sals rab`I hams sads sab`I diqala --> 1 he hu hi ha hE h ho 2 le lu li la lE l lo lW/lWa 3 He Hu Hi Ha HE H Ho HW/HWa 4 me mu mi ma mE m mo mW/mWa 5 `se `su `si `sa `sE `s `so `sW/`sWa 6 re ru ri ra rE r ro rW/rWa 7 se su si sa sE s so sW/sWa 8 xe xu xi xa xE x xo xW/xWa 9 qe qu qi qa qE q qo qWe qW/qWu qWi qWa qWE 10 `qe `qu `qi `qa `qE `q `qo 11 Qe Qu Qi Qa QE Q Qo QWe QW/QWu QWi QWa QWE 12 be bu bi ba bE b bo bW/bWa 13 ve vu vi va vE v vo vW/vWa 14 te tu ti ta tE t to tW/tWa 15 ce cu ci ca cE c co cW/cWa 16 `he `hu `hi `ha `hE `h `ho hWe hW/hWu hWi hWa hWE 17 ne nu ni na nE n no nW/nWa 18 Ne Nu Ni Na NE N No NW/NWa 19 e/a* u i a E I o ea 20 ke ku ki ka kE k ko kWe kW/kWu kWi kWa kWE 21 `ke `ku `ki `ka `kE `k `ko 22 Ke Ku Ki Ka KE K Ko KWe KW/KWu KWi KWa KWE 23 Xe Xu Xi Xa XE X Xo 24 we wu wi wa wE w wo 25 `e `u `i `a `E `I `o 26 ze zu zi za zE z zo zW/zWa 27 Ze Zu Zi Za ZE Z Zo ZW/ZWa 28 ye yu yi ya yE y yo yW/yWa 29 de du di da dE d do dW/dWa 30 De Du Di Da DE D Do DW/DWa 31 je ju ji ja jE j jo jW/jWa 32 ge gu gi ga gE g go gWe gW/gWu gWi gWa gWE 33 `ge `gu `gi `ga `gE `g `go 34 Ge Gu Gi Ga GE G Go GWe GW/GWu GWi GWa GWE 35 Te Tu Ti Ta TE T To TW/TWa 36 Ce Cu Ci Ca CE C Co CW/CWa 37 Pe Pu Pi Pa PE P Po PW/PWa 38 Se Su Si Sa SE S So SW/SWa 39 `Se `Su `Si `Sa `SE `S `So 40 fe fu fi fa fE f fo fW/fWa 41 pe pu pi pa pE p po pW/pWa

Extremely Rare Characters

Unicode Also Defines: mYa, rYa, fYa

Other Equivalents

Consonant Series Special Series Lone Vowels B = b s2 = `s O = o F = f h2 = `h `O = `o J = j S2 = `S U = u L = l e2 = `e `U = `u M = m q2 = `q A = a R = r g2 = `g `A = `a V = v Y = y W => when not preceded by a consonant as defined above; it is left to the specific application to interpret. -- It may be ignored or given an additional phonetic character if available.

Basic Series

le lu li la lE l lo lWa

Independent Vowels:

e/a* u/U i a/A E I o/O ea

Independent Vowels Following a 6th Form Consonant:

l'e l'u l'i l'a l'E l'I l'o l'ea lU lA lI lO lea <-- also * ``a'' is only valid for ``e'' (Aleph-A) in transcription for Amharic.

Punctuation and Numbers in Fidel Zones

, Ge'ez Comma ; Ge'ez Semicolon : Ge'ez Wordspace :- Ge'ez Preface Colon -: Ge'ez Colon :: Ge'ez Full Stop << Ge'ez Left Quote >> Ge'ez Right Quote :|: Ge'ez Paragraph Terminator `? Ge'ez 3-Dot Question Mark ? Ge'ez Stylized Question Mark `! Ge'ez Sarcasm Question Mark . Ge'ez Stylized Dot \\ Latin BackSlash \, Latin Comma \; Latin Semicolon \: Latin Colon \. Latin Full Stop \' Latin Apostrophe \` Latin Backquote ' is always ignored ` is ignored unless a special vowel, consonant, or punctuation follows -- s,S,h,g,q,e,u/U,i,a/A,E,I,o/O,?,! '' Geminates character on left `' Voiced Sads Vowel ('' and `' are for phonetic use and ignored in most software) 0..9 Arabic Numerals `1..9 Ethiopic Numerals


Except for the bilingual escape, \ , all escapes must be terminated by ``white space'' or the start of another escape. White space means any unprinted character such `` '', tabs, returns, etc. When `` '' (space) terminates any escape it is removed in the transliterated text. \ Change to next language of the defined primary-secondary pair. \:;'. When followed by a punctuation list of one or more items the list is transcribed as Latin punctuation. In Fidel zones only. \~x If ``x'' is defined in the application using SERA, the appropriate event occurs. Otherwise the escape is ignored. It is left to software houses to recognize each others' special purpose escape sequences and provide filters. \~ is recommended as a means to denote in ASCII the nonstandard characters and glyphs of a font set. If ``x'' is white space \~ is treated as a punctuation escape. In Fidel zones only. \~lang Change to language and script of ``lang'' when ``lang'' is an ISO-639 2 or 3 character language name. \~! The ``Verbatim Mode Toggle''. The switch turns the mode on-off treating all text as one script until the closing \~! . This allows extended use of \ and \~ without the requirement for \\ and \\~ but at the cost of using only one script within the text region. In Fidel zones only. < > & ; Contents between remain in Latin script in HTML documents.